Asthma is a condition where the airways swell, become narrow and produce excess mucus. This results to wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath and difficulty in breathing. Asthma cannot be cured. However, symptoms can be controlled with properly administered medication. Since asthma changes over time, it is advisable to constantly keep track of the signs and symptoms, so that treatment can be adjusted accordingly.
Asthma symptoms vary from one person to another. Some people have the symptoms at all times, while others have them at certain times like when they are exercising. Common signs and symptoms of asthma include:
- Troubled sleep accompanied by wheezing, coughing and shortness of breadth
- Wheezing or whistling sound when breathing out
- Chest pains
- Excessive coughing and wheezing when attacked by respiratory diseases such as common cold and flu
Combinations of genetic and environmental factors play a key in development of asthma. Asthma triggers vary from person to person. The following irritants trigger asthma attacks:
- Airborne substances, such as dust, pollen and dust mites
- Physical exercises- this is referred to as exercise-induced asthma
- Food preservatives
- Medications, such as ibuprofen, aspirin and naproxen
- Cold air and smoke
Various factors increase your chances of getting cancer. They include:
- Having a close family member with asthma
- Being overweight or obese
- Continuous exposure to air pollutants, such as smoke and exhaust fumes
- Exposure to chemical triggers present in perfumes, hair products and so on.
Asthma has no cure. The only sure way of staying away from asthma attacks is by taking medication and avoiding asthma triggers. It is also advisable to get vaccinated for pneumonia and influenza as they trigger asthma flare-ups. Lastly, continuously monitor your breathing. If there is a change in the way you breath, for instance shortness of breath or slight wheezing and coughing, then it would be prudent for you to visit the doctor for checkup.