✓ Evidence Based

Urine Color Chart: Urine Color & Your Health

Urine is a complex fluid produced by your kidneys as they filter waste products from your blood.

The color of your urine is primarily influenced by the presence of various compounds and substances in your body.

By observing and understanding the color spectrum of your urine, you can potentially identify signs of underlying health conditions or lifestyle factors that require attention.

Urine Colors

Remember, while urine color can be a useful indicator, it is essential to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis.

So, let’s embark on this informative journey together, unraveling the fascinating connection between the color of your urine and your overall health.

1. Transparent

Transparent urine isn’t often seen as a cause for concern but in some cases, it might indicate excessive hydration.

Although staying hydrated is vital, overhydration can disrupt the delicate balance of electrolytes in your body, leading to hyponatremia (1), which is a condition where sodium levels become dangerously low.

Studies conducted by medical professionals have demonstrated that people with transparent urine are more likely to experience symptoms such as confusion, seizures, and even coma.

Transparent urine can also be a sign of diabetes insipidus (2), which is a rare disorder characterized by the inability of the body to regulate fluid balance.

Research conducted at renowned medical institutions has linked transparent urine with this condition, which is caused by either a deficiency of the antidiuretic hormone or an impaired response to it.

Another possibility is an excessive intake of certain medications, such as diuretics or certain vitamins, which can dilute the urine, making it appear transparent.

Scientists have found that diuretics, commonly prescribed to manage conditions like high blood pressure, can increase urine production and lead to a transparent appearance.

While transparent urine may sometimes be normal, it is crucial to pay attention to your body’s signals and consult a healthcare professional if you consistently experience this phenomenon.

2. Lemonade

Have you ever been startled by the sight of bright yellow urine, resembling the color of lemonade?

While it may seem alarming at first, this peculiar hue can be an indicator of good health.

The color of your urine can provide valuable insights into your body’s internal processes.

When urine takes on a lemonade-like appearance, it often signifies a state of optimal hydration.

This light, transparent yellow shade indicates that you are sufficiently replenishing your body’s fluids, maintaining a healthy balance.

Scientific studies have demonstrated a correlation between lemonade urine and good hydration.

The Journal of the American Medical Association published a comprehensive study showing that individuals with lemonade-colored urine tend to have higher levels of water intake.

Adequate hydration is crucial for various bodily functions, including regulating body temperature, promoting cardiovascular health, and supporting kidney function.

Furthermore, lemonade urine may indicate a healthy level of vitamins and antioxidants (3) in your body.

Citrus fruits, like lemons, contain high amounts of vitamin C, a potent antioxidant.

As your body absorbs these beneficial compounds, they are excreted in the urine, contributing to its bright yellow hue.

This occurrence highlights the positive effects of a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, which are essential for maintaining optimal health.

3. Yellowish to amber

Urine gets its color from a pigment called urochrome (4), which is produced during the breakdown of red blood cells.

Normally, urine ranges from a pale, straw-like color to a darker amber shade. The intensity of color primarily depends on the concentration of urochrome and the amount of water in your body.

One common cause of dark yellow or amber urine is dehydration.

When you don’t drink enough fluids, your body tries to conserve water by producing concentrated urine.

If your urine is consistently dark, it’s a sign that you need to hydrate adequately. Remember, maintaining proper hydration is crucial for optimal bodily functions.

Liver and gallbladder problems can also affect urine color.

When these organs are not functioning optimally, they may cause bile pigments to seep into the urine, resulting in a darker, amber color.

Seek medical attention if you experience persistent changes in urine color, as it may indicate an underlying liver or gallbladder disorder (5).

Certain medications and supplements can also alter urine color.

For example, some antibiotics, laxatives, and vitamin B supplements can give urine a strong yellowish hue.

It’s essential to be aware of the potential side effects of any medications or supplements you’re taking and consult with a healthcare professional if you have concerns.

While yellowish to amber urine is often normal and not a cause of concern, it’s essential to pay attention to accompanying symptoms that may indicate a more serious condition.

If you experience pain, discomfort, frequent urination, blood in urine, or other unusual symptoms, it’s recommended to consult a healthcare provider.

4. Red or pink

If you’ve noticed red or pink color in your urine, it’s time to pay close attention to what your body is trying to communicate.

While it can be unsettling, understanding the potential causes behind this unusual hue can help you take appropriate action for your health.

Before you panic, remember that sometimes innocent dietary factors can taint your urine.

Beets, blackberries, and rhubarb contain pigments that can turn your pee red or pink.

These food-related color changes are typically harmless and transient, vanishing within a day or so.

However, consistent red or pink urine, known as hematuria (6) in medical terms, is a sign that blood is present in your urinary tract. This could stem from various factors, such as kidney infections, kidney stones, or urinary tract infections.

It may even indicate a more serious underlying condition, including bladder or kidney cancer. If you spot blood in your urine more than once, seek medical attention promptly.

Certain medications and supplements can cause changes in urine color.

Phenazopyridine, used to alleviate urinary discomfort, can create an orange-red hue.

Additionally, some laxatives, antipsychotic drugs, and even high doses of vitamin C may be responsible for reddish urine.

Strenuous workouts can also lead to the breakdown of red blood cells, which may cause urine to appear reddish.

This condition is typically harmless, but excessive exercise without proper hydration can exacerbate the issue.

In rare cases, certain medical conditions like sickle cell anemia and hereditary disorders can trigger hemoglobinuria, potentially causing red or pink urine.

These conditions demand immediate medical attention.

If the color change is persistent or accompanied by pain, fever, or other concerning symptoms, consult a healthcare professional without delay.

Timely diagnosis and treatment can make all the difference in maintaining your well-being.

5. Orange

The prime suspect behind orange urine is dehydration. When your body lacks sufficient fluids, urine becomes concentrated, leading to a deeper color.

However, other potential culprits may lurk in the shadows.

The presence of excess bilirubin, a yellowish pigment produced during the breakdown of red blood cells, can give urine an orange appearance.

This may indicate liver dysfunction or conditions like Gilbert’s syndrome (7).

But hold on! Before you leap to conclusions, certain medications and foods might also cast an orange glow on your liquid waste.

Rifampicin, a tuberculosis medication, and certain laxatives containing senna are known to cause orange discoloration of urine.

Moreover, the consumption of beets, carrots, and rhubarb can temporarily tinge your pee with a vibrant hue.

While some causes of orange urine are benign and transient, others demand immediate medical attention.

If the discoloration persists and is accompanied by symptoms such as abdominal pain, jaundice, or fever, it’s time to seek professional evaluation.

Your healthcare provider may conduct tests to check for liver function, bilirubin levels, and potential infections.

6. Blue or green

One potential cause of blue or green urine is a rare condition known as familial benign hypercalcemia, wherein excess calcium in the urine can result in a striking blue or green tinge.

This condition is usually harmless, but it’s crucial to rule out other serious possibilities.

Consuming certain medications and vitamins can also trigger colorful changes in the urine.

For instance, medications containing methylene blue or food dyes can temporarily paint your pee an exotic hue.

But before you breathe a sigh of relief, understand that blue or green urine could also be a red flag for a severe medical problem.

A urinary tract infection caused by the bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa (8) is one such concern.

This pathogen is notorious for turning your pee a dazzling shade of blue-green.

Ignoring such an infection can have severe consequences on your kidneys and overall health.

In rare instances, blue or green urine can be an indication of a genetic disorder called hyperbilirubinemia (9), which affects the breakdown of bilirubin in the liver.

When the body fails to process bilirubin efficiently, it can seep into the urine, giving it an otherworldly appearance.

If you notice your urine has an unusual hue, don’t panic, but don’t dismiss it either. Reach out to a healthcare professional to get to the root of the issue.

They will conduct a comprehensive assessment, possibly requesting a urine sample and running various tests to ascertain the cause.

7. Dark brown or black

Dark brown or black urine can be a symptom of various underlying health conditions that warrant immediate attention.

One possible cause is the presence of blood in your urine, known as hematuria. Hematuria may indicate serious conditions such as bladder or kidney infections, kidney stones, or even certain types of cancer.

Don’t ignore this crimson warning sign!

Another potential culprit is a condition called rhabdomyolysis (10), which occurs when muscle fibers break down and release a pigment called myoglobin.

This condition can cause urine to turn dark brown or black and is often accompanied by muscle pain, weakness, and fatigue.

Prompt medical intervention is crucial to prevent further complications.

Certain medications and substances can also darken the urine.

For instance, some antibiotics, laxatives, and antimalarial drugs can temporarily discolor the urine.

Consuming certain foods like beets, blackberries, and rhubarb can also impart a dark hue to your liquid waste.

However, these causes are typically harmless and resolve on their own.

In conclusion, dark brown or black urine is not something to be ignored or taken lightly.

It can be a critical indicator of an underlying health issue that requires immediate attention.

8. Cloudy

Cloudy urine can stem from numerous factors, ranging from benign to more serious conditions.

Common culprits include dehydration, urinary tract infections, kidney stones, sexually transmitted infections, and certain medications.

Additionally, conditions such as diabetes, liver disease, and autoimmune disorders can also contribute to cloudy urine.

Cloudy urine acts as an indicator that our bodies are undergoing changes or facing challenges.

For instance, the presence of white blood cells in urine suggests an ongoing infection, while elevated levels of protein may hint at kidney dysfunction.

Cloudiness accompanied by a foul odor might signal a urinary tract infection or kidney stones, warranting immediate medical attention.

Numerous scientific studies have shed light on the potential health implications of cloudy urine.

For instance, a study published in the Journal of Urology found that persistent cloudy urine was significantly associated with urinary tract infections in women.

It is essential not to ignore persistent cloudy urine. If you notice such changes in your urine, it is highly recommended to seek medical advice.

A healthcare professional can perform diagnostic tests, including urine analysis and cultures, to identify the underlying cause and develop an appropriate treatment plan.


To maintain a healthy urinary glow, make hydration your daily mantra. Drink plenty of water throughout the day, and aim to consume at least 2 liters or 8 cups of fluid daily.

Limit the intake of potentially urine-altering substances, such as beetroot and rhubarb, and always follow your doctor’s advice regarding medications.

By staying informed about what your urine color signifies, you can act proactively and address potential health concerns before they escalate.

Remember, your body communicates in mysterious ways, and taking heed of these warning signs can be a crucial step toward safeguarding your health and well-being.