What is Sunburn?
Perhaps if you get a clearer picture of what is sunburn, you will understand why your skin gets burned even though you have put some sunscreen.
The skin responds to extreme exposure to ultraviolet lights and this results in sunburn. The sunburn is an indication of severe damage the skin, which sometimes can range from mild to more serious. When the skin is exposed to even as little as 10 minutes of intense UV light, it creates an amazingly big defense system against this particular enemy.
When you are having sunburn, the first sign to look for is redness. When the body gets burned, it sends out inflammatory response as a result of the dilating blood vessels. After this, the skin starts losing the hydration and the moisture which may lead to a tightness feeling. Afterwards, the cells on the skin start to thicken, while the pigment or the melanin starts being produced. The tanning is actually your body’s attempt to stop the rays from entering the deeper layers of the skin’s cells. If these rays enter, they are damaging their DNA.
High sunlight levels exposure leads to hypo or hyper pigmentation. This comes in the form of dark or light patches that are somewhat irregular. When the body is exposed to little sun damage, it can cope and fight it, but when you expose it to a greater light, the ability to fight becomes lower. If the skin’s cells’ DNA becomes damaged, much more severe things can happen, such as developing skin cancer.
Why Does Your Skin Peel?
After you get sunburned, your body will still try to get rid of those cells you damaged. These cells are still at risk of becoming cancerous and because of this danger; every damage cell is bound to be sacrificed by the mechanisms for repair in the cells. This results in mass cells death, which means whole layers of your sunburned skin will start peeling off. After the skin is peeled off, other cells that are found underneath those layers will replace the areas.
When you get sunburned, you must make sure to take care of the cause of your problem. If you have been exposed to the sun for too long or the rays are too strong for your body to handle, you must get out of the sun immediately. Additionally, consuming as much water as you can is recommended, because the skin is becoming dehydrated.
Sometimes sunburn results in severely blistered skin, which may require medical assistance. If your inflammation is not this serious, you need to do everything you can to take down the inflammation and reduce the cells in the deeper layers beneath the skin.
Cool can also help you in reducing the sunburn and avoiding the dryness. However, you must always avoid greasy creams because these prevent the cooling of your skin and normally, make the entire situation much worse than it was in the first place. A soothing gel used after-sun is best to be applied on the inflamed areas. Also, you should look for clove, lavender, yucca, yogurt, cucumber and licorice because these are known to reduce the irritation and redness.
After the skin is sunburned, it will try to heal and therefore, you must keep it out of direct sunlight until this happens.
Aside from everything we mentioned before, irreparable skin damage often occurs after several sunburns, which results in premature aging of the skin. Therefore, you really should reconsider staying out in the sun for so long.